A high-tech piece of computerised hardware used by an organisation within the technology industry.

In the swiftly evolving landscape of the technology industry, sustainability has emerged as a pivotal concern, becoming an important part of strategic innovation and competitive differentiation.

Global sustainability targets, such as the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are having increasing influence on corporate and government policies. The United Kingdom is witnessing a shift in how the technology industry approaches sustainability, with the changes being propelled by regulatory pressure, ethical considerations and the growing recognition of sustainability as a driver of value creation, market growth and innovation. The rapid pace of technology advancement offers unparalleled opportunities for efficiency and connectivity while also presenting unique challenges in terms of resource consumption, e-waste management and the carbon footprint of digital infrastructure.


The State of Sustainability in Technology in 2024

The technology industries approach to sustainability in 2024 reflects its dynamism and capacity for rapid evolution and due to this, environmental and social governance (ESG) criteria increasingly dictate the operational and strategic decisions of organisations within the industry.

International sustainability frameworks have become significant drivers of change within the industry. Global commitments have pushed governments and organisations to consider the environmental and social impact of their activities, with technology companies playing a crucial role in the transition. The industry’s innovation potential makes it a key player in achieving low-carbon economies, particularly through advancements in energy efficiency, renewable energy adoption and sustainable product design.

The influence of these global commitments is evident in the increasing integration of sustainability metrics into business models, investment decisions and product development within the industry. Additionally, regulatory bodies worldwide are imposing stricter guidelines on energy consumption, e-waste management and carbon emissions, which is compelling technology firms to re-evaluate their practices and align with these sustainability targets.

As of 2024, the technology industry has made significant progress in incorporating sustainability into its core operations, with many leading companies committed to ambitious sustainability goals, including reaching net-zero carbon emissions, optimising resource efficiency and promoting circular economy principles. Innovation in sustainable computing are becoming more prevalent, reflecting an industry-wide effort to reduce the environmental footprint of digital infrastructure.

The rapid pace of technological advancement and the ever-growing demand for electronical devices have led to concerns over resource depletion, e-waste accumulation and the lifecycle impact of tech products. Supply chain sustainability remains a complex issue, with technology companies grappling with the ethical sourcing of materials and the need to ensure fair labour practices across their global operations.


Key Sustainability Trends in Technology

Green Computing and Energy Efficiency

“The IEA estimates that if current trends persist, energy consumption by data centres will double by 2030, reaching 4% of the global electricity demand.” ¹

As data centres continue to support the exponential growth of digital services such as cloud computing and streaming, implementing energy-efficient cooling technologies like liquid cooling is crucial for minimising the industries carbon footprint. This trend enhances operational efficiency and reduces costs as well as demonstrates the industry’s proactive approach to tackling one of its most pressing environmental challenges.

Circular Economy and E-Waste Management

“The amount of electronic waste (e-waste) produced globally in 2019 reached an alarming record of 53.6 million tonnes (Mt), up 21 percent in just five years.” ²

The technology industries move towards circular economy models and improved e-waste management practices is critical in addressing this challenge. By focusing on the recycling, refurbishing and repurposing of electronic products, tech companies can significantly reduce e-waste and promote the sustainable use of resources. This trend mitigates environmental impact and opens new business opportunities in the recycling and secondary markets for electronic components.

Sustainable Product Design

Design involves the transformation of an existing state into a preferred state. In the context of product design, it can refer to the necessary activity that provides a product to meet a market need. It is the key stage at which 80% of sustainability impacts are determined for a product.³

This shift in consumer preferences is driving technology companies to integrate sustainability into product design, from the selection of materials to the packaging and end-of-life disposal. By prioritising environmentally conscious design principles, technology companies can meet consumer expectations, reduce environmental impact and differentiate their products in a competitive market. Sustainable product design also aligns with broader industry efforts to reduce carbon emissions and resource consumption, reinforcing the industries commitment to environmental stewardship.


Challenges to Technology Sustainability

The path to sustainability within the technology industry is faced with challenges, from the complexities of supply chain sustainability to the rapid pace of product obsolescence.

The global nature of technology supply chains presents significant challenges in ensuring sustainability. Sourcing materials, which are often from regions with varying environmental and labour standards can add layers of complexity to achieving sustainable operations. Additionally, the network of suppliers, manufacturers and distributors complicates efforts to maintain transparency and accountability across the supply chain.

Ensuring sustainability across supply chains demands due diligence, ethical sourcing practices and collaborative efforts among all stakeholders. However, this can significantly increase operational costs and require substantial investments in monitoring and compliance systems, which poses a considerable challenge for technology companies, especially smaller organisations.

Rapid innovation and short product lifecycles are normal within the technology industry and this leads to a fast turnover of electronic devices. This fast pace fuels consumer demand for the latest products, as well as contributing to a growing volume of e-waste, much of which is not properly recycled or disposed of.

Addressing the issue of technological obsolescence while continuing to innovate presents a paradox for the industry. Efforts to extend product lifecycles, promote refurbishment and recycling and designing products for durability and ease of recycling are essential, but can be at odds with market pressures to release new and improved products regularly.

There is increasing scrutiny on issues ranging from carbon emissions to data privacy and security compliance with these regulations, for multinational corporations especially can be challenging and resource intensive.

Balancing innovation with compliance requires significant investment in legal expertise, cybersecurity and sustainable operations. This challenge is particularly acute for emerging technologies, where regulatory frameworks may not be fully established, creating uncertainty and potential barriers to adoption.


Opportunities and Strategies for Technology Sustainability

Despite the challenges, the path towards sustainability in the technology industry is paved with opportunities for innovation, market leadership and strategic growth. By embracing these opportunities, technology organisations can address their environmental footprint and drive forward a more sustainable, equitable and prosperous future.

Innovation in Sustainable Technologies

Strategy: Prioritise research and development (R&D) in sustainable technologies, focusing on energy efficiency, renewable energy integration and materials science. Innovations such as advanced battery storage, carbon capture technologies and bio-based materials can revolutionise the industries approach to sustainability.

Opportunity: Leading in sustainable technology innovation helps mitigate environmental challenges and opens new markets and revenue streams. Companies that develop breakthrough sustainable solutions can establish themselves as industry leaders, attracting investment and partnership opportunities.

Enhancing Circular Economy Practices

Strategy: Implement circular economy models across the technology lifecycle, from design and manufacturing to use and end-of-life. Strategies include designing products for longevity, ease of repair and recyclability, as well as creating take-back and recycling programs to ensure responsible disposal and reuse of electronic components.

Opportunity: Circular economy practices reduce waste and environmental impact as well as offering cost savings and efficiency improvements. By adopting these practices, technology companies can enhance their brand reputation, meet regulatory requirements and respond to consumer demand for more sustainable products.

Collaboration for Sustainable Solutions

Strategy: Foster collaboration across the technology industry and with stakeholders from other industries, governments and NGOs. Joint initiatives can address systemic challenges such as supply chain sustainability, e-waste management and the development of industry-wide sustainability standards.

Opportunity: Collaborative efforts can lead to the sharing of best practices, the pooling of resources for sustainability projects and the creation of unified fronts to advocate for supportive policies and regulations. This approach enhances the industries collective ability to drive meaningful change.

Leveraging AI and Big Data for Sustainability

Strategy: Utilise artificial intelligence (AI) and big data analytics to optimise operations, reduce energy consumption and improve resource management. AI can also play a crucial role in analysing environmental data to inform better decision-making and predict trends.

Opportunity: The strategic use of AI and big data offers technology companies a competitive edge by enabling more efficient and sustainable operations. Additionally, these technologies can facilitate the development of new solutions to environmental challenges, positioning companies as leaders in sustainability innovation.

Advocating for Supportive Policy Frameworks

Strategy: Engage actively with policymakers to advocate for regulations and policies that support sustainable innovation and investment in the technology industry. This includes pushing for incentives for sustainable R&D, renewable energy adoption and the development of e-waste recycling infrastructure.

Opportunity: By influencing policy, technology companies can help shape a regulatory environment that fosters innovation and sustainability. Supportive policies can accelerate the industries transition to sustainability.


Why do Technology Organisations choose McGrady Clarke?

Technology organisations choose McGrady Clarke for our targeted expertise in cutting energy costs, meeting environmental regulations and improving sustainability. We offer custom energy and efficiency audits to reduce expenses and enhance production processes, alongside carbon management to help technology organisations lower their carbon footprint and meet regulations.

Our services are specifically designed to align with the technology industries needs, ensuring economic benefits while promoting environmental sustainability, making us a preferred partner for organisations aiming to balance profitability with environmental responsibility.



¹ International Association for Business Analytics Certification (IABAC). (2023). The Environmental Impact of Data Centers: A Sustainability Analysis. Retrieved from https://iabac.org/blog/the-environmental-impact-of-data-centers-a-sustainability-analysis. Licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0.

² Ali, S., & Shirazi, F. (2023). The Paradigm of Circular Economy and an Effective Electronic Waste Management. Sustainability, 15(3), 1998. https://doi.org/10.3390/su15031998. Licensed under CC BY.

³  Jiang, P., Dieckmann, E., Han, J., & Childs, P.R.N. (2021). A Bibliometric Review of Sustainable Product Design. Energies, 14(21), 6867. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14216867. Licensed under CC BY.