Stack of clothing which is the final product within an LCA in the retail industry.

In 2024, the retail industry emerges as a key player in the journey towards sustainability.

With its extensive reach and influence over consumer habits, supply chains and economic trends, the industry is uniquely positioned to drive significant environmental and social change.

The retail industry’s large environmental footprint places it at the front of corporate responsibility efforts to mitigate climate change and promote sustainable development.


The State of Sustainability in the Retail Industry in 2024

The influence of global sustainability goals, notably the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement, has been a driving force behind the retail industry’s sustainability initiatives. These international commitments have urged retailers to reconsider their environmental impact, energy use and social responsibilities. The industry’s efforts to align with these goals are evident in the increasing adoption of sustainable practices, from reducing carbon emissions to ensuring fair labour practices within supply chains.

The current landscape of sustainability in the retail industry is marked by a dynamic interplay of innovation, consumer demand and regulatory pressures. Retailers are implementing a range of strategies to enhance their sustainability profiles, such as sustainable packaging and sourcing, energy efficiency and circular economy models.

Despite these advancements, the industry faces challenges in fully realising its sustainability ambitions. The complexity of needing to balance cost with sustainability efforts pose significant hurdles. While progress has been made, ongoing innovation, collaboration and commitment are required to further integrate sustainable practices into the core of retail operations.


Key Sustainability Trends in the Retail Industry

Emphasis on Sustainable Materials

Consumers are often influenced by changing the size of the display area dedicated to sustainable products. Thus, consumers will engage in sustainable choices without deliberate thought.¹

This move reflects a broader industry shift towards reducing environmental impact and meeting consumer demand for greener alternatives. The adoption of sustainable materials helps in minimising waste and reducing the environmental footprint as well as positioning retail brands as leaders in sustainability. This trend is promoting innovation in product development and packaging, leading to the emergence of biodegradable, recycled and sustainably sourced materials.

Carbon Footprint of Retail Supply Chains

Due to lengthy supply chains and energy-intensive production methods, apparel and footwear industries generate 8–10% of global carbon emissions, superseding emissions from the aviation and shipping industries combined.²

This significant figure highlights the important role of retail operations in contributing to global carbon emissions. Addressing the carbon footprint of retail supply chains involves comprehensive measures, including optimising logistics, enhancing energy efficiency and collaborating with suppliers for sustainable practices. This trend is pushing the industry towards more transparent and responsible supply chain management, emphasising the need for carbon reduction initiatives and reporting.

Consumer Expectations and Brand Loyalty

77% of consumers would be more likely to buy a company’s products and services if the company committed to social, economic and environmental issues.³

This strong consumer sentiment reflects a growing awareness and concern for environmental issues, shaping purchasing behaviours and brand loyalty. The trend highlights the importance of sustainable practices in maintaining and enhancing customer relationships. Retailers are responding by improving their sustainability credentials and communicating their efforts more effectively to consumers.


Challenges to Sustainability in the Retail Industry

One of the most pressing challenges for retailers is balancing the cost implications of adopting sustainable practices with maintaining economic competitiveness. Initiatives such as incorporating sustainable materials or ensuring ethical labour practices in the supply chain often come with higher costs, which can impact pricing and profit margins. Retailers must navigate the balance between investing in sustainability and ensuring that products remain affordable and competitive in the market. This challenge is compounded by the need to continuously innovate and respond to competitive pressures while advancing sustainability goals.

A significant portion of greenhouse gas emissions associated with the retail industry emanates from its supply chain. The global and nature of these supply chains makes it challenging to monitor and enforce sustainability standards consistently across all suppliers and partners. Achieving transparency and sustainability in supply chains requires substantial effort, collaboration and investment in technology and resources. Retailers face the task of ensuring that their commitment to sustainability is upheld throughout the entire supply chain, from raw material sourcing to product delivery.

The growing consumer demand for sustainable products indicates that sustainability is becoming an important factor in purchasing decisions. However, aligning consumer expectations with sustainable offerings presents a challenge, especially when consumers are also looking for convenience, quality and competitive pricing. Retailers are tasked with educating consumers about the value of sustainable products and practices, which may sometimes come at a premium. Additionally, encouraging sustainable consumer behaviours, such as reducing waste and recycling, requires innovative approaches to influence long-term changes.

Navigating the evolving regulatory landscape related to environmental and social governance can be complex. Retailers must comply with a number of regulations across different markets, all while standards and expectations for sustainability reporting and performance continue to change. Ensuring compliance with these regulations, while also striving to meet or exceed industry standards for sustainability, demands significant resources and expertise. The lack of standardisation in sustainability metrics and reporting further complicates this challenge, making it difficult for retailers to benchmark and communicate their sustainability performance effectively.


Opportunities and Strategies for Sustainability in Retail

By embracing strategic approaches, retailers can navigate the complexities of sustainability and leverage their influence for positive impact.

Accelerating the Adoption of Eco-Friendly Materials

Strategy: Implement the use of sustainable materials throughout product ranges and packaging. A considerable number of retail businesses are placing importance on sustainability by adopting these materials, which could be developed further.

Opportunity: Adopting this strategy diminishes the carbon footprint of products and packaging as well as meeting the increasing demand from consumers for sustainable choices. This approach provides a competitive advantage in the marketplace and enhances brand loyalty amongst consumers who are conscious of environmental issues.

Enhancing Supply Chain Sustainability

Strategy: Introduce thorough sustainability measures within the supply chain, ranging from sustainable procurement to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Considering that a significant number of emissions originate from the retail supply chain, there is a pressing requirement for enhancement.

Opportunity: Enhancing sustainability in the supply chain improves operational efficiency and robustness. It also reduces the risks linked with environmental regulations and potential damage to reputation. Working together with suppliers to enhance their sustainability efforts can magnify the effect and encourage change across the industry.

Leveraging Digital Innovations

Strategy: Employ digital technologies to refine operations and connect with consumers. Advances in digital marketing and online retail platforms can increase efficiency and support sustainable consumption habits.

Opportunity: Digital technologies give retailers the means to minimise waste, boost energy efficiency and improve customer interaction through tailored sustainability efforts. They also supply a platform for informing consumers about sustainability and the consequences of their buying choices.

Building Consumer Trust through Transparency

Strategy: Enhance openness about sustainability practices, the origin of products and their impact. With the rise in consumer awareness and the demand for sustainable goods, clear communication can greatly affect buying choices.

Opportunity: Being transparent improves trust and loyalty among customers, especially those who value sustainability. This approach can set a brand apart in a competitive market and appeal to an increasing number of environmentally aware consumers.

Engaging in Policy Advocacy and Collaborative Initiatives

Strategy: Engage in the creation of policies and industry partnerships to promote sustainability standards and procedures. Retailers can have a crucial influence on forming policies that back sustainability objectives and in establishing collaborative platforms for the exchange of best practices.

Opportunity: Participation in policy advocacy and collaboration allows retailers to aid in crafting a regulatory framework conducive to sustainable business methods. It also encourages the sharing of knowledge and collective actions that can amplify the effects of sustainability measures across the sector.


Why do Retail Organisations choose McGrady Clarke?

Retail organisations choose McGrady Clarke for our expert knowledge in reducing energy costs, complying with environmental regulations and advancing sustainability efforts. We provide tailored energy procurement strategies and efficiency evaluations aimed at lowering operational expenses and improving overall business operations, alongside carbon management services that assist retail companies in reducing carbon emissions and adhering to legal requirements.

Our solutions are designed to meet the unique challenges faced by the retail sector, delivering economic advantages while encouraging sustainable practices. This positions McGrady Clarke as a preferred partner for retail organisations seeking to enhance their financial outcomes and dedicate themselves to sustainability.



¹ Bălan, C. (2021). How Does Retail Engage Consumers in Sustainable Consumption? A Systematic Literature Review. Sustainability, 13(1), 96. Licensed under CC BY 4.0.

² Leal Filho W, Perry P, Heim H, Dinis MAP, Moda H, Ebhuoma E, & Paço A (2022). An overview of the contribution of the textiles sector to climate change. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 10:973102. Licensed under CC BY.

³  Strielkowski, W., Tarkhanova, E., Baburina, N., & Streimikis, J. (2021). Corporate Social Responsibility and the Renewable Energy Development in the Baltic States. Sustainability, 13(17), 9860. Licensed under CC BY 4.0.